There are several issues that led to the development of eco-centric ethics. Some of the issues that led to the development of eco-centric include ontological belief and subsequent ethical claims. The ontological belief notes that there are no existential divisions between human and non-humans. This belief holds that there is no sufficient knowledge to claim that humans are the only bearers of intrinsic value or posses’ greater intrinsic value than non-human nature. However, the subsequent ethical claim argues for an equality of intrinsic value between human and non-human nature.
The benefits that ecocentric ethics have over biocentric ethics is that eco-centric ethics recognizes the interaction of living and non-living systems (human and non-human nature). On the other hand, biocentric ethics only concentrates on the living organisms because it states that nature does not exist to be used by humans. According to Taylor a biocentrist, he claims that humans are one species among other species that live in an ecosystem. Taylor argues that any human action that alters the ecosystems, negatively affects humans (Taylor, 1986). The approach of eco-centric ethics helps us to understand nature. It helps us to understand how we can solve some of the environmental problems so is the biocentric approach.
One way to understand the biocentric ethics is to look at the four Biocentrc outlooks. According to Desjardins, the first biocentric outlook is looking at all humans as members of the earth community (Desjardins, 2006). This follows the second biocentric outlook which explains that all species are part of the system of interdependence. This means that destroying one species can disrupt the system. The third and fourth biocentric outlook explains how all living things pursue their own good and claims that humans are not inherently superior to other living things (Desjardins, 2006. Understanding biocentric outlooks brings the approach of eco-centric ethics which explains the interaction between humans and non-human nature. Combing these two can help solve environment.